Roof Drainage Repair Edmonton June 10, 2015.

Article: Multi-Family Apartment Flat Roof Drainage Repair Edmonton, Alberta.

Below is a site report from a low slope roofing crew of ours in Edmonton. Service order per engineer roof inspection was roof drainage repairs. This was to include work to external scuppers, internal drains, flashing and down-spouts on a torch-on SBS modified bitumen flat roof system. February 21, 2015: Roof Inspection and Scope of Work Determined. Maintenance and Repairs (per Engineer report). Supply and Install: 32 penetrations (vents) will need roof nails removed and proper screws installed, 1 - 12 inch chimney vent with flashing installed 2 ft X 2 ft, replace old drains with new 4 inch retro fit drains with u flow and proper screens they also two major ponding spot and I recommend that we put in 2 - 6 inch scuppers with down pipe to relieve those areas of water the last thing is to remove all debris from the existing scuppers and roof its self.
Roof drain to be retro-fitted.
Roof drain to be retro-fitted.
Roof Drainage Repair Edmonton. Roof ponding issues.
Roof Drainage Repair Edmonton. Roof ponding issues.
Chimney flashing.
Chimney flashing.
Roof drain with no u-flow.
Roof drain with no u-flow.
Roof ice everywhere due to ponding water on roof.
Roof ice everywhere due to ponding water on roof.
Materials needed: Sheet metal flashing for chimney and vent. 2- 4 inch drains with basket. 2- 4 inch u flows. 2 - 6 inch scuppers. 80 ft of 3 inch down pipe white. 5 elbows. 1 bag of 1.5 inch wood screws with rubber grommets 100 pieces. 1 can of spray primer. 1 roll of cap frost grey. 1 roll of 180 flam-flam. 1- 3 gal can of Sopramastic. February 27, 2015: Crew Attends to Location. Repairs Completed.  Site Location: 10716 - 102 Street Edmonton, Alberta. This site's scope of work is specific to the engineers report to repair a number of issues relating to flat roof drainage. We started with the drains which took extra time to remove the old drains since they used gum to make their seal on the drop drain (the previous roofers). Which didn't work. Then we started on the repair of the external drainage scuppers and completed them. We then unloaded most of the tools and started with replacing the nails in the plumbing vent curbs with screws with rubber grommets. We then started to install the down spouts.
2 Ply SBS Scupper Repair
2 Ply SBS Scupper Repair
SBS Base Scupper Repair
SBS Base Scupper Repair
Drain Repair Torch On Base
Drain Repair Torch On Base
SBS Torch On Drain Repair
SBS Torch On Drain Repair
Drain Repair Needed
Drain Repair Needed
Torch On Scupper Repair
Torch On Scupper Repair
Downspouts re-directed and installed.
Downspouts for re-directed water installed.
< End of Report >
CONTACT US Call our 24 hour emergency roof repair at 1.780.424.7663. Mail to: 3428 99 Street NW Edmonton, Alberta T6E-5X5. We service all of Alberta including Edmonton, Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, Fort Saskatchewan, St Albert, Sherwood Park, Leduc, Nisku, Beaumont, Lac La Biche, Grande Prairie, High Level, Westlock, Slave Lake, Edson, Drayton Valley, Devon, Camrose, Wetaskiwin, Tofield, Lamont, Morinville, Vegreville, Tofield, Millet, Calmar, Evansburg, Redwater, Onaway, Viking, Athabasca, High Prairie, Valleyview, Fairview, Peace River, Whitecourt, Mayerthorpe and many more rural areas and towns.

Roof Deck Drainage and Waterproofing

ARTICLE:  Roof Deck Drainage Problems. Waterproofing a 2 Ply SBS Modified Bitumen Roof Balcony in Edmonton, Alberta.

Recommendations for Waterproofing Outdoor Decks Over Conditioned Living Space. Roof Deck Drainage and Waterproofing - Inspection and Repair of a Torch-On Flat Roof on Outdoor Balcony at Multi-Family Condominium. Customers regularly call on us to have roof assessments (inspections) completed. During a roof assessment our journeyman roofers assess the roofs condition. We assess the roof for preventative maintenance reasons as well as inspecting existing problems that the customer is pointing out. We then discuss different scopes of work fix the problems as well as potential materials and costs related to the repairs. One of the most common calls we get for inspections and repairs are rooftop decks, balconies and patios. The primary reason the failure rate on rooftop decks is so high is because of the original installation. It is common for incorrect membrane choice to be the reason. In other words, many people install an outdoor deck membrane that is intended only for an outdoor deck and not a membrane for over a heated living space. If your rooftop deck or balcony is over a heated living area you require a special membrane that is also intended for low slope roofing (as well as deck waterproofing) and is approved for use over a conditioned living space. Common products for this are Dura-Deck or DecTec, both of which are a PVC membrane that are suitable to be walked on (so they do not require a floating deck over top) and they manufacture membranes suitable for over a conditioned living space. We use DecTec extensively and have had great results with it. Or, also common is the installation of a membrane that won't hold up to the foot traffic associated with outdoor living areas. Other reasons include simple age, wear and tear, drainage and issues relating to penetrations or floating deck assemblies on top of the membrane. Visit our main website for more information on rooftop deck waterproofing. This particular inspection and subsequent repairs was more focused toward an aging membrane and the associated repairs that come with not properly maintaining the deck membrane and building envelope over the years. The drainage problems were causing significant damage to the exterior of the building. Below you will find the inspection report. May 20, 2015: Journeyman Superintendent Attends for Balcony Inspection. Roof Inspection Location: 10245 116 Street NW Edmonton Alberta. Roof Inspection Date: May 20, 2015. Roof Type: SBS 2 Ply Modified Bitumen Torch-On Membrane on Roof Balcony. Site Location Type: Multi-Family Condominium.

This customer is experiencing a problem with water getting in the roof system and it draining out on a low corner and destroying some exterior brick work. In the area of the leak there are 2 laps of the SBS modified bitumen that have come apart.

Roof Deck Drainage damaging exterior of building. Edmonton, Alberta.
Roof Deck Drainage damaging exterior of building.
SBS Torch ON Seam Pealing back
SBS Torch-On lap pealing back.
SBS Torch on roof, seconf lap starting to come apart
SBS Torch on roof, second lap starting to come apart.
 

Scope: To repair this, degranulate the area and apply new torch-on stripping in and around the corner to seal in properly. Man hours: To complete 3 - 6. Material needed: 1 roll of SBS modified cap membrane.

The customer  would also like a quote for the following scope: to fill 13 pitch pockets on the roof and also seal the voids around pitch pockets with some detail sealer.

Area that needs sealing
Area that needs sealing at gutter to wall area.
Pitch Pockets that need filling
Pitch pockets at deck railing post termination area that need filling.
More seams on the sbs torch on roof that need to be sealed
More seams on the SBS torch-on roof that need to be sealed.

Man hours to complete = 10. Material needed: 4 gallons of portable sealer. 1 box of IKO MS Detail.

More Reading:
http://www.jlconline.com/decks/waterproofing-a-rooftop-deck.aspx
https://www.grscanadainc.com/Rooftop_Deck_Waterproofing.html
https://www.grscanadainc.com/DecTec_Deck_Waterproofing.html
http://www.dec-tec.com/
https://www.pinterest.com/generalroofing/dectec-deck-and-rooftop-waterproofing/
File to be updated when repair reports come in to office.
< End of report >
CONTACT US
Call our 24 Hour Emergency Roof Repair at 1.780.424.7663 Mail to: 3428 99 Street NW Edmonton, Alberta T6E-5X5.
For all other areas of Canada call 1.877.497.3528 Toll Free.
We service all of Alberta including Edmonton, Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, Fort Saskatchewan, St Albert, Sherwood Park, Leduc, Nisku, Beaumont, Lac La Biche, Grande Prairie, High Level, Westlock, Slave Lake, Edson, Drayton Valley, Devon, Camrose, Wetaskiwin, Tofield, Lamont, Morinville, Vegreville, Tofield, Millet, Calmar, Evansburg, Redwater, Onaway, Viking, Athabasca, High Prairie, Valleyview, Fairview, Peace River, Whitecourt, Mayerthorpe and many more rural areas and towns.
 

Torch-On Roof Replacement High Level, June 4 2015.

Article: 2-Ply SBS Modified Torch-On Roof Replacement High Level, Alberta. Low Slope Commercial.

Torch-On Roof Replacement. 2-Ply SBS Modified Low Slope Commercial Roof. SBS modified torch-on roofing is one of the more widely used flat roof membranes in Alberta. I don't know the industry wide percentages, but I would venture to guess that we install about 30% of our roofs with torch-on. EPDM would be about 45% and the other 25% would be a mix of the other types listed below. When replacing a flat roof your primary options are traditional tar and gravel, 2 ply torch-on, single ply membrane (TPO, PVC, or EPDM), spray foam (SPF) or some form of fluid applied. Visit our local Edmonton roofing division website for a more detailed description of the various flat roofing membrane options. For torch-on, common application methods are conventional roof systems and inverted roof systems. In the manufacturing process modifiers are added to standard roofing asphalt to replace plasticizers removed during a distillation process. Bitumen is then reinforced with fiberglass or polyester fiber matting in order to increase durability and strength. SBS (styrene-butadiene-styrene) increases the flexibility of the membrane and allows it to have stronger expansion and contraction capabilities - the synthetic rubber additives increase flexibility of the membrane. Modified bitumen roof systems can be installed with torch, fluid applied asphalt, or cold adhesive. A typical SBS modified bitumen roof system (as in site report below) is a two-ply application applied with a torch using rolls of membrane that overlap the edge of the previous roll. In the example below the roof board (or fibre board) is what we refer to as an FR Board and it has the base sheet SBS applied to the fibre board before leaving the factory. In this instance the base sheet FR board is mechanically fastened to the roof deck with the cap sheet being torched on after. The benefits of 2-ply SBS modified roofing are:
  1. Torch-on SBS modified roofing is very durable. This is important for high traffic roof assemblies. This would include commercial or industrial roofs where there are perhaps a lot of rooftop units, satellites, communication towers and the like and various service technicians attending to the roof regularly.
  2. It is weather resistant and can handle impact that perhaps other membranes would have issue with.
  3. It is moderately easy to repair and maintain.
  4. The factory manufactured rolls make quality control easier than with tar and gravel BUR roofing.
  5. It is moderately flexible. This is important for climates such as Canada.
In Canada we recommend our customers seriously also consider EPDM vs. torch-on if the roof has next to no foot traffic. EPDM doesn't handle foot traffic as well as torch-on but is easier and much less costly to repair. Torch-on requires a contractor with open-flame insurance - open-flame insurance is costly and many contractors do not have it. So EPDM increases the service pool of applicators that you can call for repair. Torch-on also typically comes with a senior journeyman that can be more costly than a technician for EPDM. EPDM is actually simple enough for most handy types to repair as a do-it-yourself and torch-on should not be done by anyone but a senior qualified and open-flame insured roofer. Below is a brief installation report from one of our crews installing SBS on a commercial building in High-Level Alberta last winter. October 25, 2014: Crew Arrives On-Site for Pre-Installation Meeting. Crew arrives at job site in High Level at 9 am. We conducted a tool-box meeting for safety compliance. We reviewed the scope of work and the existing roof membrane. It was a roll-on mopped asphalt roof membrane that was in very poor condition.
Torch-On Roof Replacement - Flat Roof Pre-Installation Meeting.
Torch-On Roof Replacement - Flat Roof Pre-Installation Meeting.
Pre Installation inventory and tool count.
Pre Installation inventory and tool count.
Another photo of the old roof condition.
Another photo of the old roof condition.
Roof Loaded
Roof Loaded.
  October 26, 2014: Crew Arrives On Site To Begin Work. Crew arrives on site to begin work. The work we did is stripping, then torched in the roof base. We moved the material to other side of roof and prepped  for the next day. Base sheet FR board was installed.
2 Ply SBS Base Installed
2 Ply SBS Base Installed.
Base Applied
Base Applied.
  October 29, 2015: Crew Arrives Back To Complete Job.  Crew came back to work and installed 250 frost grey cap sheet to the roof.
2 Ply SBS Flat Roof Replacement
2 Ply SBS Flat Roof Replacement
Flat Roof Torching
Flat Roof Torching
  Contact Us Call our 24 hour emergency roof repair at 1.780.424.7663. Mail to: 3428 99 Street NW Edmonton, Alberta T6E-5X5. We service all of Alberta including Edmonton, Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, Fort Saskatchewan, St Albert, Sherwood Park, Leduc, Nisku, Beaumont, Lac La Biche, Grande Prairie, High Level, Westlock, Slave Lake, Edson, Drayton Valley, Devon, Camrose, Wetaskiwin, Tofield, Lamont, Morinville, Vegreville, Tofield, Millet, Calmar, Evansburg, Redwater, Onaway, Viking, Athabasca, High Prairie, Valleyview, Fairview, Peace River, Whitecourt, Mayerthorpe and many more rural areas and towns.  

Edmonton Roofing Replacement, December 2014

This report details a residential roofing replacement as well as an initial quotation with various options for the client. The roof had water leakage due to issues with the sealants and draining systems. Additionally the roof was found to be blistering and splitting in areas. The initial email sent from our project manager to the client:
Good morning, Please find attached the quotation options for various membranes for the roof over your garage per the inspection report from our Red Seal Journeyman (see report below my signature at bottom of this email and quotation as attached). Unfortunately because of the small size the per sq rate is significantly higher than if you were to do both your house and garage - so if your house may be a consideration let me know and I'll revise the pricing for you. I've included options for replacement of all membrane types. Once you have had opportunity to review give me a call or email and I'll assist you with any questions you may have. Thanks again for your consideration!

The following is an inspection report from one of our crew members who inspected the site initially: The biggest problem for this house is that they have only one 2 5/8 drain for 3/4's of the roofs.  During heavy rainfall water pours over the edge of the parapet. There is a large amount of water ponding which has reduced the life span of the torch on roof. There is also moisture inside the system and it is apparent that the fiber board laps are beginning to buckle. The sloped roof on the house is in okay condition and will last another five years however the flat roof on the garage will not make it another two. There are signs of rot near the drain on the roof of the garage (there is already a BUR roof and torch on roof on top). I do not recommend a recovery on this roof because of weight issues during the winter, and because of the rotten substrate which will cause issues with attaching another roof. The lower flat roof is 1300 square ft. and the long side is 48 ft. I have given the client two options with the drainage: he can go with a drip edge into a gutter with two drains along the long side, or go with two drop drains in the low spots through the soffit. If we decide to go with the gutter on a new roof, we should add a 1% slope package on a torch-on system. If going with drop drains we should go for a new roof with a EPDM system. Regardless, the old roof needs to be removed to inspect the plywood substrate (in order to deliver a 20 year roof which he is looking for). 
With either drainage we are going to need approximately 100 ft. of downspout and nineties to run the water to the back alley and away from the house.

Materials Required:
  • 20 x 100 ft. 60 mil EPDM.
  • 10 x 100 ft. 6 mil Poly.
  • 90 sheets of 2 inch iso.
  • 45 sheets of 1/2 inch secure rock.
  • 4x 5 gallon pails of bonding adhesive.
  • 1x 3 gallon pail of splice adhesive.
  • 1x 3 gallon pail of quick prime.
  • 1x 5 gallon pail of splice wash.
  • 10 tubes of lap sealant.
  • 2x tubes of caulking.
  • 2x 6 inch rolls of seam tape.
  • 1 roll of form flash.
  • 1 box of rags.
  • 1 scrub pad kit.
  • 8 roller sleeves.
  • 8x 4 inch paint brushes.
  • 1 roll of garbage bags.
  • 600x 3 inch hd fasteners.
  • 600x 3 inch plates.
  • 40 sheets of plywood.
  • 100x 3/4 inch deck screws.
  • 100 ft. of drip edge.
  • 12 ft. of flashing for the chimney and smack pins.
  • 48 ft. of 5 inch brown gutters with hardware and matching gutter guards.
  • 100 ft. of down spout.
  • 10x 90 degree down spout and hangers.
  • 100x self taping brown sheet metal screws.
  • 2 rolls of 250 grey cap.
  • 1 roll of flam flam.
  • 1 can of spray primer.

Daily Report for Dec 4, 2014: The crew arrived at 7:30am to lay down the iso board as well as the rubber bug. At 5:00pm it started to snow so the crew left the site for the day.
Daily Report for Dec 5, 2014: Arrived on site at 9:00am to determine the best way to apply the liquid rubber. The client was also on site and had many questions so some time was spent talking with the client. Most of the day was used to install the liquid rubber. Daily Report for Dec 7, 2014: Arrived at 8:00am and spent most of the day installing the metal. There was some detail work to do around the perimeter and the chimney. The lap seal was also installed. The crew did a walk-around with the client who is satisfied with the work done so far. The gutter still needs to be installed. Daily Report for Dec 12, 2014: Gutter is installed and the job is 100% complete.
< End Report > CODE: 1461 Contact Us Call our 24 hour emergency roof repair at 1.780.424.7663. Mail to: 3428 99 Street NW Edmonton, Alberta T6E-5X5. We service all of Alberta including Edmonton, Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, Fort Saskatchewan, St Albert, Sherwood Park, Leduc, Nisku, Beaumont, Lac La Biche, Grande Prairie, High Level, Westlock, Slave Lake, Edson, Drayton Valley, Devon, Camrose, Wetaskiwin, Tofield, Lamont, Morinville, Vegreville, Tofield, Millet, Calmar, Evansburg, Redwater, Onaway, Viking, Athabasca, High Prairie, Valleyview, Fairview, Peace River, Whitecourt, Mayerthorpe and many more rural areas and towns.

Edmonton Commercial Roof Downspout Install, March 2014

This client required a downspout replacement and extension in addition to a scupper installation. The report follows the work completed by the GRS crew and includes photos of the site. Roof Report, March 29, 2014:
Today we scoped out the job site with the client. The scope of work will be to install a scupper, replace and extend the downspout, and to top up the pea gravel on several areas of the roof.
Materials Needed:
  • (1) 6x6 scupper.
  • (10) 100' dark brown downspout.
  • 1 box of screws self tap.
  • 1 pail - sopramastic gum/tar.
  • 1 roll - reinforced mesh (jewt).
  • (2)  5 gallon pails of pea gravel.
20140329_08225320140329_08234820140329_08235320140329_082404
Roof Report, April 24, 2014: Today we fixed the down pipe and installed an elbow. When I went to install the scupper box I called our project coordinator and he said it had to be a torch-on tie in. The roof was still wet from the previous rain so we are going to leave this until the roof has dried. I notified the customer of the schedule change due to water on the roof and she was okay with it. 11 image Roof Report, May 8, 2014: We installed one scupper with a torch-on tie on to the BUR roof, and I also had to modify the metal where the scupper was placed. There was an uneven balance to the roof so we put more rock on the places where it was needed. When finished with the scupper I had to fix the down pipe that was connected to it and where the down pipe hits the ground. This site is now complete. 0 1   4 5 6  8 9 < End Report > CODE: 13104 Contact Us Call our 24 hour emergency roofing repair at 1.780.424.7663. Mail to: 3428 99 Street NW Edmonton, Alberta T6E-5X5. We service all of Alberta including Edmonton, Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, Fort Saskatchewan, St Albert, Sherwood Park, Leduc, Nisku, Beaumont, Lac La Biche, Grande Prairie, High Level, Westlock, Slave Lake, Edson, Drayton Valley, Devon, Camrose, Wetaskiwin, Tofield, Lamont, Morinville, Vegreville, Tofield, Millet, Calmar, Evansburg, Redwater, Onaway, Viking, Athabasca, High Prairie, Valleyview, Fairview, Peace River, Whitecourt, Mayerthorpe and many more rural areas and towns.

Edmonton Emergency Roof Ice and Water Removal, November 2 2013

Our team arrived on location in response to an emergency call for a Torch On flat roof with ice and water build up. There was a few inches worth of ice with up to six inches of water buildup underneath. They broke apart the ice, but found the scupper drains to be frozen up (causing water backup and subsequent freezing). Needing a water pump to dispose of the flooding, they put in a requisition one and had to wait some time for one to become available. Returning to the site a few hours later, they successfully pumped the water off of the roofing, and turned to inspect the scupper drain. Inside had frozen up, and it could not be cleared without causing more immediate damage. With the roof drained and ice removed, there was little else to be done for the time.   20131122_093832 20131122_093846 20131122_141930 20131122_143434 20131122_143415     Until next time,         The Roofers at GRS CODE: 10757 Contact Us Call our 24 hour emergency roof repair at 1.780.424.7663. Mail to: 3428 99 Street NW Edmonton, Alberta T6E-5X5. We service all of Alberta including Edmonton, Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, Fort Saskatchewan, St Albert, Sherwood Park, Leduc, Nisku, Beaumont, Lac La Biche, Grande Prairie, High Level, Westlock, Slave Lake, Edson, Drayton Valley, Devon, Camrose, Wetaskiwin, Tofield, Lamont, Morinville, Vegreville, Tofield, Millet, Calmar, Evansburg, Redwater, Onaway, Viking, Athabasca, High Prairie, Valleyview, Fairview, Peace River, Whitecourt, Mayerthorpe and many more rural areas and towns.

Nisku Commercial Roof Inspection, July 2012

This commercial client required options ranging from roof repairs to full replacement. Our project manager provided a quotation with all of the various options that were available. This report briefly outlines the pre-quote inspection. Inspection, July 25, 2012: This is a tar and gravel roof which has plies that are exposed and deteriorating, as well as soft spots throughout the roof. There are multiple buckles and blisters. There are two areas roofed in with SBS Modified Bitumen. The roof over the office is SBS and it has buckles along the complete length of it. I recommend that the roof be replaced or a recovery system be installed. In the event of a recovery, some area may require replacement of insulation. The buckles on the torch-on roof need to be cut and patched. IMG1343250136427 IMG1343250161465 IMG1343250267254 IMG1343250095932 < End Report > CODE: 1609 Contact Us Call our 24 hour emergency roof repair at 1.780.424.7663. Mail to: 3428 99 Street NW Edmonton, Alberta T6E-5X5. We service all of Alberta including Edmonton, Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, Fort Saskatchewan, St Albert, Sherwood Park, Leduc, Nisku, Beaumont, Lac La Biche, Grande Prairie, High Level, Westlock, Slave Lake, Edson, Drayton Valley, Devon, Camrose, Wetaskiwin, Tofield, Lamont, Morinville, Vegreville, Tofield, Millet, Calmar, Evansburg, Redwater, Onaway, Viking, Athabasca, High Prairie, Valleyview, Fairview, Peace River, Whitecourt, Mayerthorpe and many more rural areas and towns.

Edmonton Residential EPDM Roof Installation, May 2011

The project began with the client contacting us for an estimate and overview of possible roof replacement options. Our project manager provided a quotation with various options and the decision was made to have an EPDM roof installed. After speaking with the client and inspecting the rooftop it became clear that there would be lots of work required. The old metal roof needed to be ripped off, the tar and gravel needed to be removed, and any deficiencies in the substrate fixed. The client also indicated that he would like bitumen torch-on applied.
SG1S2976
Missing screws, dents, small holes, and bending were among some of the problems we found on the metal ridge cap.
SG1S2977
The seams along the ridge cap here can be seen curling away from the roof surface. In this case, the metal is no longer water-shedding, but has created a direct avenue for water entry into the building.
SG1S2979
Closeup of deficient seams. Several pockets were forming at the seams, whereby adjacent metal panels began expanding upwards.
SG1S2984
Furthermore, various rooftop appliances were deficient. In the case of this plumbing boot, raised seams around its base created a leak entry point. Spot repairs using liquid rubber can also be seen, which were also past their life cycle.
SG1S2982
This is a closeup of a spot repair that had been performed around the base of a gas appliance. The spudding had begun cracking in some places, creating small holes and tears.
SG1S2983
We removed one section of the metal roof and placed a tarp over it. Our crew returned the next day to perform a full roof replacement.
SG1S2985
Flashing around the perimeter had also been curling up and required replacement.
SG1S2986
Our inspection also entailed checking around the gutters and downspouts to ensure that all drainage systems were in proper order. In this case, the staining at the edge of the roof is a sign that water had been shedding towards the gutter.
  The crew returned to the site after the initial inspection and began removing the old roof completely. Fiberboard and EPDM were installed but the crew had to return in the morning to finish the detailing because of strong winds. The roof is now water tight. < End Report > CODE: 6108 Contact Us Call our 24 hour emergency roof repair at 1.780.424.7663. Mail to: 3428 99 Street NW Edmonton, Alberta T6E-5X5. We service all of Alberta including Edmonton, Stony Plain, Spruce Grove, Fort Saskatchewan, St Albert, Sherwood Park, Leduc, Nisku, Beaumont, Lac La Biche, Grande Prairie, High Level, Westlock, Slave Lake, Edson, Drayton Valley, Devon, Camrose, Wetaskiwin, Tofield, Lamont, Morinville, Vegreville, Tofield, Millet, Calmar, Evansburg, Redwater, Onaway, Viking, Athabasca, High Prairie, Valleyview, Fairview, Peace River, Whitecourt, Mayerthorpe and many more rural areas and towns.